Michiel Makkee

Research                   Teaching                   Biography                   Publications


Dr.ir. Michiel Makkee graduated in Chemical Engineering with a specialisation in Organic Chemistry (1980) and received his PhD in Organic Chemistry, Biotechnology and Catalysis (1984) both at the TU Delft in the Faculty of Chemical Engineering.

He is the inventor of the process intensification by the combination of enzymatic conversion and heterogeneous hydrogenation in a one pot approach.

He joined Exxon Chemicals (1984) and was active in zeolite catalysis, reforming, alkylation, selective hydrogenation, crystallisation, zeolitic membranes for separation, process evaluation, and safety. 

In 1990 he was nominated as associate professor in the group of Industrial Catalysis (headed by Prof.Dr. Jacob A. Moulijn). 

His research can be characterised as giving solutions to some of the challenges in current society. Depending on the challenge, attention will be paid to either catalyst development (new or improved ) or reactor development. The activities can be best described as “Industrial Catalysis for Society”.

Examples are: 

  • Hydrogenation in the sugar chemistry.
  • Enzymatic conversions in the sugar chemistry
  • Complexation in the organic chemistry
  • Conversion of CFC (chlorofluorocarbons) into useful and valuable products
  • Diesel soot abatement technologies for which diesel engine will have mandatory closed filters in 2009 (euro 5) were partially developed in Delft with leading parties and appliers in the field of automotive catalysts and car manufactures.
  • Optimal performances of FCC-operations for gasoline production in the oil refinery
  • Optimal performances of Hydrotreating units in the oil refinery
  • Introduction of new Aftertreatment systems in greenhouses
  • Tail gas methane oxidation
  • NOx abatement for automotive applications 
  • New smart processes in the biomass conversions
  • Oxidation dehydrogenation of hydrocarbon
  • Dehydrogenation of hydrocarbons
  • Development of medium temperature Water Gas Shift Catalyst

Current major research topics

  • Upgrading catalytic pyrolysis oil by FCC and/or HDO: vacancy
  • Syn Gas (CO & H2) chemistry: Vera P. Santos
  • Eco-friendly biorefinery fine chemicals from CO2 photo- electro-catalysis: Anastasiya Bavykina and Francesc Sastre Calabuig
  • NOx abatement high fast oscillating HC injection: Yixiao Wang
  • Water gas shift catalysis for CO2-capturing for Power plant: Abrar Hakeem
  • Catalytic depolymerisation of municipal waste (hydrogen upgrading): vacancy
  • Catalytic depolymerisation of municipal waste (bottom upgrading): vacancy