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On the Fabrication of Pdms Micromodels by Rapid Prototyping, and Their Use in Two-Phase Flow Studies

On the Fabrication of Pdms Micromodels by Rapid Prototyping, and Their Use in Two-Phase Flow Studies, N. K. Karadimitriou, M. Musterd, P. J. Kleingeld, M. T. Kreutzer, S. M. Hassanizadeh, and V. Joekar-Niasar. Water Resources Research 2013, 49  (4), 2056–2067.

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Abstract

Micromodels have been increasingly employed in various ways in porous media research, to study the pore-scale behavior of fluids. Micromodels have proven to be a valuable tool by allowing the observation of flow and transport at the micron scale in chemical, biological, and physical applications. They have helped to improve our insight of flow and transport phenomena at both microscale and macroscale. Up to now, most micromodels that have been used to study the role of interfaces in two-phase flow were small, square, or nearly square domains. In this work, an elongated PDMS micromodel, bearing a flow network with dimensions 5x30 mm2 was manufactured. The pore network was designed such that the REV size was around 5x7 mm2. So, our flow network was considered to be nearly four times the REV size. Using such micromodels, we established that the inclusion of interfacial area between the wetting and the nonwetting fluids models the hysteretic relationship between capillary pressure and saturation in porous media. In this paper, we first present the procedure for manufacturing PDMS micromodels with the use of soft lithography. Then, we describe an innovative and novel optical setup that allows the real-time visualization of elongated samples. Finally, we present the results obtained by quasi-static, two-phase flow experiments.

BibTeX

@article{ISI:000319282100021,
Author = {Karadimitriou, N. K. and Musterd, M. and Kleingeld, P. J. and Kreutzer, M. T. and Hassanizadeh, S. M. and Joekar-Niasar, V.},
Title = {On the Fabrication of Pdms Micromodels by Rapid Prototyping, and Their Use in Two-Phase Flow Studies},
Journal = {Water Resources Research},
Year = {2013},
Volume = {49},
Number = {4},
Pages = {2056-2067},
Month = {},
Abstract = {Micromodels have been increasingly employed in various ways in porous media research, to study the pore-scale behavior of fluids. Micromodels have proven to be a valuable tool by allowing the observation of flow and transport at the micron scale in chemical, biological, and physical applications. They have helped to improve our insight of flow and transport phenomena at both microscale and macroscale. Up to now, most micromodels that have been used to study the role of interfaces in two-phase flow were small, square, or nearly square domains. In this work, an elongated PDMS micromodel, bearing a flow network with dimensions 5x30 mm2 was manufactured. The pore network was designed such that the REV size was around 5x7 mm2. So, our flow network was considered to be nearly four times the REV size. Using such micromodels, we established that the inclusion of interfacial area between the wetting and the nonwetting fluids models the hysteretic relationship between capillary pressure and saturation in porous media. In this paper, we first present the procedure for manufacturing PDMS micromodels with the use of soft lithography. Then, we describe an innovative and novel optical setup that allows the real-time visualization of elongated samples. Finally, we present the results obtained by quasi-static, two-phase flow experiments.},
DOI = {10.1002/wrcr.20196},
ISSN = {0043-1397},
Unique-ID = {ISI:000319282100021},
}

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