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Characterization of the Flame Blow-Off Conditions in a Laminar Boundary Layer With Hydrogen Injection

Characterization of the Flame Blow-Off Conditions in a Laminar Boundary Layer With Hydrogen Injection, Eduard P. Volchkov, Vladimir V. Lukashov, Vladimir V. Terekhov, and Kemal Hanjalic. Combustion and Flame 2013, 160  (10), 1999–2008.

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Abstract

Based on experiments on flame extinction in air flow over a horizontal porous plate with uniform injection of H-2/N-2 and H-2/He fuel mixtures, we found that the blow-off condition for a laminar boundary layer can be uniquely defined by two parameters: the nondimensional fuel-mixture blowing rate and the hydrogen mass fraction. It turns out that the injection corresponding to extinction is inversely proportional to the hydrogen concentration, (J) over bar (w)* similar to 1/Y-H2(1). The measured velocity, temperature and concentrations of O-2, H2O and N-2 showed that approaching the blow-off conditions shifts the flame front ever closer to the wall whereas the velocity profiles remain almost unaffected. The numerical solutions of the field equations and reaction kinetics supported the experimental findings and provided details on the flow properties that are inaccessible to measurements. The simulations showed that burning begins only at the location where the concentration of fuel reaches a threshold value corresponding to the lean flammability limit. Finally, a simple analytical model based on the Shvab-Zel'dovich arguments is shown to mimic qualitatively well the experimental (J) over bar (w)* - Y-H2(1) extinction correlation. (C) 2013 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

BibTeX

@article{ ISI:000322848200008,
Author = {Volchkov, Eduard P. and Lukashov, Vladimir V. and Terekhov, Vladimir V. and Hanjalic, Kemal},
Title = {Characterization of the Flame Blow-Off Conditions in a Laminar Boundary Layer With Hydrogen Injection},
Journal = {Combustion and Flame},
Year = {2013},
Volume = {160},
Number = {10},
Pages = {1999-2008},
Month = {},
Abstract = {Based on experiments on flame extinction in air flow over a horizontal porous plate with uniform injection of H-2/N-2 and H-2/He fuel mixtures, we found that the blow-off condition for a laminar boundary layer can be uniquely defined by two parameters: the nondimensional fuel-mixture blowing rate and the hydrogen mass fraction. It turns out that the injection corresponding to extinction is inversely proportional to the hydrogen concentration, (J) over bar (w){*} similar to 1/Y-H2(1). The measured velocity, temperature and concentrations of O-2, H2O and N-2 showed that approaching the blow-off conditions shifts the flame front ever closer to the wall whereas the velocity profiles remain almost unaffected. The numerical solutions of the field equations and reaction kinetics supported the experimental findings and provided details on the flow properties that are inaccessible to measurements. The simulations showed that burning begins only at the location where the concentration of fuel reaches a threshold value corresponding to the lean flammability limit. Finally, a simple analytical model based on the Shvab-Zel'dovich arguments is shown to mimic qualitatively well the experimental (J) over bar (w){*} - Y-H2(1) extinction correlation. (C) 2013 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.},
DOI = {10.1016/j.combustflame.2013.04.004},
ISSN = {0010-2180},
Unique-ID = {ISI:000322848200008},
}

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