Transport Phenomena - Delft University of Technology

Sorted by YearSorted by First Author

Extractive Concentration of Aqueous Salt Solutions in Aqueous Two Phase Systems

Extractive Concentration of Aqueous Salt Solutions in Aqueous Two Phase Systems, Miran Milosevic, Koen J. J. Staal, Boelo Schuur, and Andre B. de Haan. Desalination 2013, 324 , 99–110.

Download

[DOI] 

Abstract

Concentration of aqueous salt solutions is among the most energy intensive processes in the chemical industry. We here report on extractive concentration as an alternative for the traditional technologies based on water evaporation or reverse osmosis. Extractive technologies are potentially energy-efficient, key is avoiding evaporation of (co-)extracted water during the recovery of the solvent. Polymers have been applied as solvents, because recovery may be done through mild temperature swing. For in total 53 commercially available polymers, the phase behavior of ternary systems containing water, salt (NaCl, Na2SO4, and FeCl3) and polymer was studied at room temperature (294 K) and atmospheric pressure. Formation of aqueous two phase systems (ATPS) was studied for various solvent/feed ratios (mass) of (0.25 < S/F < 0.75), and initial salt concentrations of 5 wt.% < [salt](initial) < 30 wt.%. Several polyether (block co)polymers were found suitable for creating ATPS with NaCl and Na2SO4 with reasonable distributions of water and these systems were analyzed more detailed at 294 K and 314 showing concentration factors up to 7.70 in a single extraction step, and strong temperature dependency. Temperature responsive recovery by induced phase splitting was shown to be a promising option. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

BibTeX

@article{ ISI:000323690500013,
Author = {Milosevic, Miran and Staal, Koen J. J. and Schuur, Boelo and de Haan, Andre B.},
Title = {Extractive Concentration of Aqueous Salt Solutions in Aqueous Two Phase Systems},
Journal = {Desalination},
Year = {2013},
Volume = {324},
Pages = {99-110},
Month = {},
Abstract = {Concentration of aqueous salt solutions is among the most energy intensive processes in the chemical industry. We here report on extractive concentration as an alternative for the traditional technologies based on water evaporation or reverse osmosis. Extractive technologies are potentially energy-efficient, key is avoiding evaporation of (co-)extracted water during the recovery of the solvent. Polymers have been applied as solvents, because recovery may be done through mild temperature swing. For in total 53 commercially available polymers, the phase behavior of ternary systems containing water, salt (NaCl, Na2SO4, and FeCl3) and polymer was studied at room temperature (294 K) and atmospheric pressure. Formation of aqueous two phase systems (ATPS) was studied for various solvent/feed ratios (mass) of (0.25 < S/F < 0.75), and initial salt concentrations of 5 wt.\% < {[}salt](initial) < 30 wt.\%. Several polyether (block co)polymers were found suitable for creating ATPS with NaCl and Na2SO4 with reasonable distributions of water and these systems were analyzed more detailed at 294 K and 314 showing concentration factors up to 7.70 in a single extraction step, and strong temperature dependency. Temperature responsive recovery by induced phase splitting was shown to be a promising option. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.},
DOI = {10.1016/j.desal.2013.06.008},
ISSN = {0011-9164},
Unique-ID = {ISI:000323690500013},
}

Generated by bib2html.pl (written by Patrick Riley ) on Fri Jul 28, 2017 13:53:02


Last modified: July 28 2017. © Delft University of Technology - TP group 2012