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Electromagnetic Flow Control of a Bifurcated Jet in a Rectangular Cavity

** Electromagnetic Flow Control of a Bifurcated Jet in a Rectangular Cavity**, R. Kalter, M. J. Tummers, S. Kenjeres, B. W. Righolt, and C. R. Kleijn.

*International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow*

**2014**,

*47*, 113–122.

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### Abstract

The effect of Lorentz forcing on self-sustained oscillations of turbulent jets (Re = 3.1 x 10(3)) issuing from a submerged bifurcated nozzle into a thin rectangular liquid filled cavity was investigated using free surface visualization and time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV). A Lorentz force is produced by applying an electrical current across the width of the cavity in conjunction with a magnetic field. As a working fluid a saline solution is used. The Lorentz force can be directed downward (F-L < 0) or upward (F-L > 0), to weaken or strengthen the self-sustained jet oscillations. The low frequency self-sustained jet oscillations induce a free surface oscillation. When F-L < 0 the amplitude of the free surface oscillation is reduced by a factor of 6 and when F-L > 0 the free surface oscillation amplitude is enhanced by a factor of 1.5. A large fraction of the turbulence kinetic energy k = 1/2 (u) over bar (i)' (u) over bar (i)' is due to the self-sustained jet oscillations. A triple decomposition of the instantaneous velocity was used to divide the turbulence kinetic energy into a part originating from the self-sustained jet oscillation k(cos), and a part originating from the higher frequency turbulent fluctuations k(turb). It follows that the Lorentz force does not influence k(tub), in the measurement plane, but the distribution of k(cos), can be altered significantly. The amount of energy contained in the self-sustained oscillation is three times lower when F-L < 0 compared to the situation with F-L > 0. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

### BibTeX

@article{ ISI:000336773700010, Author = {Kalter, R. and Tummers, M. J. and Kenjeres, S. and Righolt, B. W. and Kleijn, C. R.}, Title = {Electromagnetic Flow Control of a Bifurcated Jet in a Rectangular Cavity}, Journal = {International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow}, Year = {2014}, Volume = {47}, Pages = {113-122}, Month = {}, Abstract = {The effect of Lorentz forcing on self-sustained oscillations of turbulent jets (Re = 3.1 x 10(3)) issuing from a submerged bifurcated nozzle into a thin rectangular liquid filled cavity was investigated using free surface visualization and time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV). A Lorentz force is produced by applying an electrical current across the width of the cavity in conjunction with a magnetic field. As a working fluid a saline solution is used. The Lorentz force can be directed downward (F-L < 0) or upward (F-L > 0), to weaken or strengthen the self-sustained jet oscillations. The low frequency self-sustained jet oscillations induce a free surface oscillation. When F-L < 0 the amplitude of the free surface oscillation is reduced by a factor of 6 and when F-L > 0 the free surface oscillation amplitude is enhanced by a factor of 1.5. A large fraction of the turbulence kinetic energy k = 1/2 (u) over bar (i)' (u) over bar (i)' is due to the self-sustained jet oscillations. A triple decomposition of the instantaneous velocity was used to divide the turbulence kinetic energy into a part originating from the self-sustained jet oscillation k(cos), and a part originating from the higher frequency turbulent fluctuations k(turb). It follows that the Lorentz force does not influence k(tub), in the measurement plane, but the distribution of k(cos), can be altered significantly. The amount of energy contained in the self-sustained oscillation is three times lower when F-L < 0 compared to the situation with F-L > 0. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.}, DOI = {10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2014.03.006}, ISSN = {0142-727X}, EISSN = {1879-2278}, Unique-ID = {ISI:000336773700010}, }

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