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Repulsive Effect of Salt on Solvent Extraction of 2,3-Butanediol from Aqueous Fermentation Solution

Repulsive Effect of Salt on Solvent Extraction of 2,3-Butanediol from Aqueous Fermentation Solution, Snehal D. Birajdar, Sasisanker Padmanabhan, and Srinivasan Rajagopalan. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 2015, 90  (8), 1455–1462.

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Abstract

BACKGROUNDSolvent extraction of 2,3-butanediol from dilute fermented systems is a challenging downstream unit operation. Addition of certain kosmotropic salts to the aqueous fermentation broth during the solvent extraction process can have considerable influence on the distribution of 2,3-butanediol. This work evaluates the usefulness of solvent extraction and the salting-out effect on the extraction characteristic of 2,3-butanediol in aqueous synthetic and fermented solutions. RESULTSAddition of 10 wt% dipotassium phosphate (K2HPO4) to the fermented 2,3-butanediol broth during solvent extraction results in 1.5-3-fold increase in distribution coefficient (K-d) and 7-14-fold increase in separation factor () for 2,3-butanediol using 2-sec butyl phenol and 1-butanol as extractants. Of various solvent-salt combinations studied; 2-sec butyl phenol + 10 wt% K2HPO4 provided K-d and of 3.04 and 59.17 whereas 1-butanol + 10 wt% K2HPO4 provided K-d and of 2.41 and 15.68, respectively, in fermented 2,3-butanediol broth solution. CONCLUSIONThis study demonstrated the prospects of repulsive salts addition to the fermented broth during the solvent extraction process. The results showed that this study may be used as a model to choose an appropriate combination of water-immiscible (hydrophobic) organic solvent and inorganic salt type and concentration for the economical recovery of 2,3-butanediol from fermentation broth. (c) 2014 Society of Chemical Industry

BibTeX

@article{ ISI:000357332600012,
Author = {Birajdar, Snehal D. and Padmanabhan, Sasisanker and Rajagopalan, Srinivasan},
Title = {Repulsive Effect of Salt on Solvent Extraction of 2,3-Butanediol from Aqueous Fermentation Solution},
Journal = {Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology},
Year = {2015},
Volume = {90},
Number = {8},
Pages = {1455-1462},
Month = {},
Abstract = {BACKGROUNDSolvent extraction of 2,3-butanediol from dilute fermented systems is a challenging downstream unit operation. Addition of certain kosmotropic salts to the aqueous fermentation broth during the solvent extraction process can have considerable influence on the distribution of 2,3-butanediol. This work evaluates the usefulness of solvent extraction and the salting-out effect on the extraction characteristic of 2,3-butanediol in aqueous synthetic and fermented solutions. RESULTSAddition of 10 wt\% dipotassium phosphate (K2HPO4) to the fermented 2,3-butanediol broth during solvent extraction results in 1.5-3-fold increase in distribution coefficient (K-d) and 7-14-fold increase in separation factor () for 2,3-butanediol using 2-sec butyl phenol and 1-butanol as extractants. Of various solvent-salt combinations studied; 2-sec butyl phenol + 10 wt\% K2HPO4 provided K-d and of 3.04 and 59.17 whereas 1-butanol + 10 wt\% K2HPO4 provided K-d and of 2.41 and 15.68, respectively, in fermented 2,3-butanediol broth solution. CONCLUSIONThis study demonstrated the prospects of repulsive salts addition to the fermented broth during the solvent extraction process. The results showed that this study may be used as a model to choose an appropriate combination of water-immiscible (hydrophobic) organic solvent and inorganic salt type and concentration for the economical recovery of 2,3-butanediol from fermentation broth. (c) 2014 Society of Chemical Industry},
DOI = {10.1002/jctb.4450},
ISSN = {0268-2575},
EISSN = {1097-4660},
Unique-ID = {ISI:000357332600012},
}

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