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Mixing at High Schmidt Number in a Complex Porous Structure

Mixing at High Schmidt Number in a Complex Porous Structure, Adrian Zenklusen, Sasa Kenjeres, and Philipp Rudolf von Rohr. Chemical Engineering Science 2016, 150 , 74–84.

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Abstract

Highly porous structures (porosity >= 75%), as metal foams or designed foam-like structures, are often used in industry to augment heat and mass transfer. In the present study, we focus on the mixing in highly porous structures in continuous millireactor characterized with a relatively low Reynolds number ( Re-D = 240 based on the ligament diameter and bulk velocity) and a high Schmidt number fluid (Sc=2400). We apply a combined numerical and experimental approach. The numerical simulations employ a Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method with dynamic Lagrangian approach for subgrid-scale turbulent stress and turbulent mass flux. The results of the numerical simulation are compared with our own combined Particle Imaging Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) measurements. The application of combined PIV/LIF makes it possible to simultaneously measure velocity components, turbulent stresses, concentration and concentration fluxes. The mechanism of the mixing is analyzed in detail with specific focus on validity of a simple gradient diffusion hypothesis (SGDH) in modeling of the turbulent mass transfer in complex porous structure. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

BibTeX

@article{ ISI:000376523600008,
Author = {Zenklusen, Adrian and Kenjeres, Sasa and von Rohr, Philipp Rudolf},
Title = {Mixing at High Schmidt Number in a Complex Porous Structure},
Journal = {Chemical Engineering Science},
Year = {2016},
Volume = {150},
Pages = {74-84},
Month = {},
Abstract = {Highly porous structures (porosity >= 75\%), as metal foams or designed foam-like structures, are often used in industry to augment heat and mass transfer. In the present study, we focus on the mixing in highly porous structures in continuous millireactor characterized with a relatively low Reynolds number ( Re-D = 240 based on the ligament diameter and bulk velocity) and a high Schmidt number fluid (Sc=2400). We apply a combined numerical and experimental approach. The numerical simulations employ a Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method with dynamic Lagrangian approach for subgrid-scale turbulent stress and turbulent mass flux. The results of the numerical simulation are compared with our own combined Particle Imaging Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Induced Fluorescence (LIF) measurements. The application of combined PIV/LIF makes it possible to simultaneously measure velocity components, turbulent stresses, concentration and concentration fluxes. The mechanism of the mixing is analyzed in detail with specific focus on validity of a simple gradient diffusion hypothesis (SGDH) in modeling of the turbulent mass transfer in complex porous structure. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.},
DOI = {10.1016/j.ces.2016.04.057},
ISSN = {0009-2509},
EISSN = {1873-4405},
Unique-ID = {ISI:000376523600008},
}

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